If you’ve ever been confused about what differentiate a Frontend Developer and a Backend Developer – or are they one and the same? In this post, we will highlight all you need to know including what makes them different and things to keep in mind should you decide to hire a web developer for your project.
Both Frontend Developers and Backend Developers are two important areas of knowledge in web development.
Like two sides of a coin, there are certain things that differentiate them.
Let’s find out!
Who is a front end developer?
A Frontend Developer is a Web Developer that is responsible for designing the user-facing side of a website. The user-side, is the part a user sees and interacts with thus the name “Front end.” In lay terms therefore, a frontend developer is someone that designs and implements the frontend of a website.
Who is a backend developer
The backend developer is a web developer who implements server-side logic and integrates the work of the frontend developer. The “backend” can be likened to the engine room of the web application – this part is not seen by the user of the application hence the name.
Frontend developer vs Backend developer
The two types of web developers work closely together with regard to the visual, user experience, and performance of the web application. However, their objectives differ and impact their missions. Understanding each other’s issues allows them to do an optimal job.
Frontend developer Vs Backend developer: Role and Responsibilities
Frontend Developer Roles and Responsibilities
Everything a user sees and interacts with in a browser is the frontend developer’s job to develop and ensure that it works flawlessly.
In other words, the user experience is in focus in their job so that the website is intuitive, fast and provides a good experience.
In order for a visitor not to leave the site too quickly, it is essential that the displayed page has an attractive design – nice and pretty graphic and visual elements remain an important element in the eyes of the Internet user.
In addition, the frontend developer understands the behavior of browsers. This allows him to build a responsive site i.e one that adapts to all types of devices including computers, smartphones and tablets.
Backend Developer Role and Responsibilities
On the other hand, the backend developer is concerned with the performance and integrity of the web application. The individual ensures that the security of the application is as strong as possible.
Backend developers handle databases and make sure that data can be accessed and that their processing does not encounter any problems. In short, the practitioner is tasked with building the architecture that will make data handling seamless.
Always up to date, a good backend data prevents frameworks and libraries from becoming outdated by carrying out routine upgrades and updates.
And to prevent the poor performance of a site and subsequent negative impact that will have with users and business operations, the backend developer uses his /her skills to optimize the application for speed and function. If you are looking to hire a top backend developer check this list by hiremotely
Summary – Differences in Roles and Responsibilities of a Frontend developer and that of a Backend developer
|Determines the structure and design of web pages
|Integrates the user-facing elements developed by the frontend developer with the server side
|Ensures the application is mobile optimized
|Optimize the application for speed and scalability
|Development of user-facing features
|Security and data protection
|Decides the balance the perfect balance between functional and aesthetic elements of the application
|Design and implementation of data storage and retrieval solutions
Frontend developer Vs Backend developer: Skills and Technologies
When it comes to skills, frontend and backend developers are also different.
For the purpose of this post we would isolate the differences based on the core programming proficiency peculiar to each type of developer and necessary to perform their distinguishing roles.
The programming languages used by a frontend developer run in the browser, unlike the languages used by a backend developer running on the web server.
On this basis, the differences are:
Basic skills of a frontend developer
- HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) – Frontend developers typically have a strong understanding of HTML. This programming language allows the developer to “create and structure sections, paragraphs, headings, links, and blockquotes for web pages and applications.”
- CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) – this is the programming language frontend developers use to determine how HTML elements would be displayed on “screen, paper, or in other media.”
For frontend developers, they use JS to make web pages dynamic rather than static. Multimedia, animations, updating content etc. is made possible with JS.
Basic skills of a backend developer
- PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) – This is a scripting language that has held its own as an incredibly good backend programming language. It allows the backend developer to automate routine processes or improve performance of the web application.
- ASP.NET Model View Controller (MCV)- This is a web application framework that is used by backend developers to perform backend programming duties.
- Python – Arguably the fastest growing programming language it allows users to make excellent data visualizations.
- Java – Backend developers use this skill to complete object-oriented programming.
- SQL (Structured Query Language) – useful for accessing and manipulating relational databases.
Summary – Differences in the Skills a frontend developer and a Backend developer should have
|User Interface/User experience (UI/UX) skills
|Solid understanding of Python, Java, ASP.NET, SQL, Node.js, PHP and other programming and scripting languages
Cost of frontend developer vs backend developer
Questions like: “who earns more between frontend and backend developers?” keeps coming up. While the average salaries of these 2 sets of experts is not set in stone.
At the time of writing this post…
The average salary for a frontend developer/ Engineer in the US is $73,902/ year while the average salary for a backend developer/Engineer in the US is $77,567/ year.
The average hourly wage for a frontend developer in the US is between $51 and $63 while that of a backend developer ranges between $44 and $58.
And for freelance developers, the hourly rates is approximately:
$40.57 – 80/hr for a frontend developer and $40.27 – 80/hr for a backend developer.
As you can see, the cost of backend developers and frontend developers varies. Just keep this in mind.
Conclusion: Frontend developer vs. Backend at a glance
|Responsible for the development of the user-side of the web application.
|Responsible for the development of the sever-side of the web application
|Roles and responsibilities deal with elements of the web application users can see and interact with.
|Roles and responsibilities are primarily related to what happens in the background of the web application
|Basic technical skills utilized include Python, PHP, ASP.NET, SQL, Java etc.